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You are here: Home / CEFR LEVEL B2 (independent user - vantage or upper intermediate)

CEFR LEVEL B2 (independent user - vantage or upper intermediate)

Photo: Robert Couse-Baker (www.flickr.com/photos/29233640@N07)

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR or CEF, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages. The six reference levels  are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual's language proficiency.

  • Level A1 (basic user - breakthrough or beginner)
  • Level A2 (basic user - way stage or elementary)
  • Level B1 (independent user - threshold or intermediate)
  • Level B2 (independent user - vantage or upper-intermediate)
  • Level C1 (proficient user - advanced)
  • Level C2 (proficient user - mastery or proficiency)
This web will focus on the first four levels of the CEFR.

Level B1 (independent user - threshold or intermediate)

  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialization.

  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.

  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

The grammar contents included in this level are:

Adjectives and adverbs
Future continuous
Future perfect
Future perfect continuous
Mixed conditionals
Modals – can’t have, needn’t have
Modals of deduction and speculation
Narrative tenses
Past perfect
Past perfect continuous
Phrasal verbs, extended
Relative clauses
Reported speech
Will and going to, for prediction
Would expressing habits, in the past

The vocabulary covered will include: 

Colloquial language
Books and literature
News, lifestyles and current affairs