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You are here: Home / , , , Grammar: Zero Conditional (Level: A2)

Grammar: Zero Conditional (Level: A2)

Learn how to make the Zero Conditional in English with plenty of examples and a free ready-to-print PDF with explanations and exercises @ 321LearnEnglish.com.

Learn how to make the Zero Conditional in English with plenty of examples and free ready-to-print PDF files with explanations and exercises.

The zero conditional is a structure used for talking about general truths — things which always happen under certain conditions.

Structure

A zero conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an “if” clause (condition) and a main clause (result). In most zero conditional sentences you can use when or if and the meaning will stay the same.

•    If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
•    If you mix blue and yellow, you get green.

If the “if” clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the “if” clause comes second, there is no need for a comma:

•    Water boils if you heat it to 100 degrees.
•    You get green if you mix blue and yellow.

We use the same verb form in each part of a zero conditional: the simple present tense.

Use

The zero conditional is used to talk about things which are always true — such as scientific facts and general truths. Remember: we are not talking about a specific event but something which is generally true.

•    If you cross an international date line, the time changes.   
•    If it rains, the grass gets wet.
•    If I miss the 7 o’clock train, I am late for work.   
•    My boss gets angry if I am late for work.
•    Wood doesn't burn if there is no air.
•    Babies cry if they are hungry.

 

Tip

You can use “when” instead of “if” in this type of conditional.

•    Water boils when you heat it to 100 degrees Celsius.

Learn how to make the Zero Conditional in English with plenty of examples and a free ready-to-print PDF with explanations and exercises. Learn how to make the Zero Conditional in English with plenty of examples and a free ready-to-print PDF with explanations and exercises.