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You are here: Home / , , , Grammar: First Conditional (Level: A2)

Grammar: First Conditional (Level: A2)

ESL Lesson: structure and use of the First Conditional (Conditional Type 1) for beginners. CEFR level A2. Examples, exercises and ready-to-print-PDF to download.

ESL lesson: structure and use of the first conditional (conditional type 1) for beginners. CEFR level A2. Examples, exercises and ready-to-print-PDF to download.

The first conditional (also called conditional type 1) is a structure used for talking about possibilities in the present or in the future.

Structure

A first conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause (condition/hypothesis) and a main clause (result).

• If you study hard, you will pass the test. 
• If we hurry up, we won’t be late. 

If the "if" clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comes second, there is no need for a comma:

• You will pass the test if you study hard. 
• We won’t be late if we hurry up. 

We use different verb forms in each part of a first conditional. We usually use the present simple in the “if” clause (condition/hypothesis) and future simple in the main clause (result).

• If you don’t have a map, you will get lost.

We can also use an imperative or a modal verb (can, must, may, should, etc) in the main clause. 

• If you have a headache, take an aspirin. 
• If you go to Paris, you should visit the Eiffel Tower. 

Use 

The first conditional is used to talk about things which are possible in the present or the future — things which may happen. You can also give some advice.

• If it's sunny, we'll go to the park. 
• I'll wash the dishes if you cook the dinner. 
• If you go to the supermarket, buy some milk, please. 
• Make a hundred copies of this document if you have time. 
• If you are tired, you should go to bed. (advice) 
• You must see “The Big Bang Theory” if you like sitcoms. (advice)

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ESL Lesson: structure and use of the First Conditional (Conditional Type 1) for beginners. CEFR level A2. Examples, exercises and ready-to-print-PDF to download.ESL Lesson: structure and use of the First Conditional (Conditional Type 1) for beginners. CEFR level A2. Examples, exercises and ready-to-print-PDF to download.